Aesthetic Surgery

Author: Dr. Oreste Di Mattei Di Matteo

What is aesthetic surgery?

It is a branch of medicine which has gained signifcant importance over the last decade. In particular, it deals with correcting and improving one's physical appearance by acting on certain flaws or imperfections of the body.

Also known as aesthetic surgery, it encompasses all the surgical techniques employed to correct or perfect aesthetic flaws of the face and body.

The aesthetic surgeon is therefore responsible for restoring the body's harmony in full respect of the patients' features to achieve consistently natural and pleasing results.

The growing interest in the world of aesthetic surgery is due to the increasing importance that beauty and image hold in modern society, but not only; the continuous search to curb the signs of time, without a shadow of a doubt, also plays an important role.

Cosmetic and plastic surgery often tend to create some confusion, so allow us to clarify the main difference.

  • Plastic surgery is the discipline that includes reconstructive and aesthetic surgery, it aims to remedy, eliminate or correct congenital malformations and organic lesions.
  • Aesthetic / Cosmetic surgery is a branch of plastic surgery that has a purely cosmetic purpose, i.e. it changes the shape, but not the functions.
  • Lastly, reconstructive surgery is concerned with remedying pathological conditions that require partial or total reconstruction.

A particular characteristic of cosmetic surgery is that the procedures can be performed by medical surgeons regardless of their specialisation in Plastic Surgery.

The role of aesthetic surgery in the psychology of patients

Cosmetic surgery is known to bring benefits not only on an aesthetic and physical level but also on a psychological level because, by reducing patients' insecurities and fears, it improves self-esteem and alleviates the sense of discomfort caused by a physical flaw affecting their peace of mind.

For this reason, more and more people are choosing to undergo cosmetic surgery to correct imperfections or malformations so as to strike a balance and feel good not only about themselves but also within the society around them.

There are many cosmetic surgery procedures; you can find further information about them below.

Aesthetic breast surgery

Cosmetic breast surgery operates on the shape or size of the breasts, which has long been considered the image of female beauty. Not only do women undergo cosmetic breast surgery, men also turn to this type of surgery to combat cases of over-developed breasts. In this case, we are talking about gynecomastia, and the surgical procedure aimed at reducing the male breast.

With regard to cosmetic breast surgery, the most prominent procedures are additive mastoplasty – or breast enlargement – using implants; reduction mastoplasty – breast reduction; and mastopexy – breast lift.

Breast enlargement increases breast volume and improves shape, which is mainly indicated for women with poorly developed or asymmetrical breasts. The choice of implant and the implant procedure is evaluated by the cosmetic surgeon during the first visit.

Breast reduction reduces breast volume and is indicated for women with the phenomenon of gigantomastia or breast hypoplasia. This type of procedure is also available to patients who are not yet 18 years of age.

Mastopexy, also known as a breast lift, is the lifting and shaping of the breasts and is indicated for patients whose breasts are sagging or lacking firmness.


Aesthetic  face surgery

Cosmetic face surgery is for anyone who wishes to correct aesthetic imperfections or rejuvenate the face, giving it a more toned appearance.

The most requested cosmetic face procedures are the facelift, neck lift and otoplasty – ear surgery.

Face and neck lifts allow for the correction of imperfections due to sagging skin caused by the natural physical ageing, giving the skin a young and fresh appearance.

Otoplasty is the procedure that deals with the correction of ear defects and can be performed even if you are under 18 years of age.

Aesthetic  eye surgery

Cosmetic eye surgery refers to the procedure of blepharoplasty.

Blepharoplasty eliminates unsightly bags under the eyes, dark circles and sagging skin to give a more youthful appearance to the eyes.

Cosmetic eye surgery such as this is performed not only for aesthetic purposes but also to correct defects that alter or reduce the patients' field of vision. In fact, blepharoplasty of the upper eyelids makes it possible to combat reduced field of vision caused by drooping eyelids.

Aesthetic  nose surgery

Cosmetic nose surgery is known as rhinoplasty and allows for the nose to be remodelled and any aesthetic problems caused to be resolved.


Aesthetic  surgery of the tummy

Cosmetic surgery of the tummy includes abdominoplasty, which consists of removing excess skin and fatty tissue from the upper and lower abdomen, helping tighten up the abdominal muscles.


In conclusion, aesthetic surgery, with the procedures it entails, does not necessarily lead to happiness but can undoubtedly contribute to its achievement.

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