Author: Dr. Oreste Di Mattei Di Matteo

Date: 20/01/2020

Carboxytherapy is used for the treatment of:

  • Eye circles
  • Stretch marks
  • Cellulite
  • Facial and body sculpting

What are the functions of CO2 in carboxytherapy?
The functions of carboxytherapy include increasing the flow of oxygen-rich blood in the treated area; carboxytherapy also increases the formation of collagen in the skin, giving it a younger appearance.

Carboxytherapy functions for stretch marks Stretch marks are characterised by wide linear bands that are formed due to excessive stretching of the skin with damage to collagen.
Stretch marks usually occur on the abdomen, buttocks, thighs and breasts.
Women are more likely to have stretch marks than men.
Stretch marks form in 90% of pregnant women due to a combination of hormonal factors and weight gain, which together exert strong stress on collagen and elastin in the skin. Stretch marks are in effect a form of scar tissue that is formed following the breakdown of collagen and changes in elastic fibres.  
Stretch marks can be classified into 2 groups: the first is that of recently developed stretch marks with a reddish colour; the second is that of older, white stretch marks.
Although it is thought that stretch marks are the result of the breakdown of collagen during stretching of the skin, few treatments actually aim to solve the root cause of their formation, namely to intervene on the damaged collagen in the dermis.
Carboxytherapy is the only treatment available for both old and new stretch marks that repairs broken collagen and is safe for all skin types. Carboxytherapy and its functions stimulate the formation of new collagen, for improving the appearance of stretch marks by reconstructing the collagen matrix.

Carboxytherapy functions for celluliteCellulite affects almost all women, usually on the thighs and buttocks.
There are many reasons why most women are predisposed to cellulite while men are less so.
To start with, the underlying structure of the skin is different in males.
Male skin tends to be thicker for greater cross-linking of the connective tissue.
Females have a thinner skin.
Women have more fat than men and the layer of subcutaneous fat in women is regulated by the hormones and does not respond to diet and physical exercise.
The female hormone estrogen induces fat storage, while testosterone, a male hormone, stimulates fat mobilisation. Thus, women are genetically predisposed to store energy in the form of fat, depending primarily on pregnancy.
Women also have a greater percentage of body fat on the thighs, hips and abdomen, and these fat cells are resistant to diet and physical exercise. 
Carboxytherapy functions have been used for aesthetic purposes to sculpt post-liposuction residual fat deposits.
Thanks to the action on collagen, reshaping also occurs.

Carboxytherapy functions for eye circlesCarboxytherapy greatly improves the appearance of dark eye circles.
What are the functions of carboxytherapy for eye circles?
One of the main causes of dark eye circles is poor circulation.
The capillary network of the lower eyelids may become congested
for a number of reasons.

Lack of adequate oxygenation of the skin makes the typical bluish color of eye circles visible.
Thanks to its functions, carboxytherapy works to improve the capillary network of the lower eyelids, so as to increase the level of collagen in the skin.
By injecting a small amount of carbon dioxide into the affected areas, the flow of blood increases and improves the whole microcirculation. The bluish colour is replaced by a decidedly healthier colour.
The treatment lasts only 5 minutes, and is practically painless and risk-free. A series of 2-6 treatments spaced out with a week between them would satisfy all expectations.
After a series of treatments, the skin has a brighter appearance that lasts about 6 months.

What are the functions of carboxytherapy for alopecia?
If the causes that determine alopecia are related to a circulatory problem then alopecia can be treated with carboxytherapy, because it acts through revascularisation and improvement of the microcirculation.

Effectiveness of carboxytherapy and its functions As with many other health and beauty treatments, there are different opinions on the effectiveness of carboxytherapy.
Carboxytherapy does not come from the field of aesthetic medicine, but as a treatment for some vascular diseases, hypertension and heart diseases.
Regarding the use of carboxytherapy and its functions in aesthetic medicine, there are conflicting opinions, since it is asked whether scientific evidence and studies carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness of carboxytherapy in the treatment of cellulite and scar tissue are sufficient.
Doctors in favour of carboxytherapy argue that the procedure is much less invasive than liposuction, with similar results.
Those who practise this treatment guarantee that the results are immediately visible, but without long-term studies on the effectiveness of the method, there can be no certainty and therefore many doctors remain cautious.
If you choose this treatment, you should notice an improvement after the first application, but it is likely that several treatments are required to achieve maximum results.
Given that cellulite can return, more treatments may be needed several times a year.

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